Germany had no national police force until 1920 when it was formed by the Weimar regime. The National Socialists were instrumental in its development. The duties performed by the Ordnungspolizei were the same as those performed in any other country in peace time. However, it did supervise the professional and voluntary fire services and provided advice to private factory security units.
During the war the uniformed police undertook an important new task. it was used to assist the security police in carrying out duties in occupied territories. To this end a total of 38 police regiments and a number of local regiments in occupied territories were formed. Police members were used to raise and man two Waffen-SS divisions to fight alongside the army. The police were at the core of the civil defenses in the Third Reich providing the organization for defense against air raids in towns and industrial complexes. Outstanding service was given in fighting fires and in the protection of members of the population.
About the Author
Phil Nix: Born 1938 in Knowle, south of Birmingham, he worked as a Railway fireman and served as a military policeman in the RAF and then did clerical work. He lived in Canada for 10 years and attended the University of Warwick in 1991, studying modern history, and graduating in 1996. Since then he has been working as an Adult education teacher. Georges Jerome: Born in 1952 in Mertz, where he still lives. He studied Commerce and Law at the University of Metz in the 70’s. He is involved in management duties in a bank at Nancy and he has also led training courses at the Dept <<Commerce>> de Technologie of Metz since 1997. Married, he spends his time between war history, collecting books, nature evasion, and traveling in Canada where his son lives and works. He has been publishing articles on German police and Poland under German rule.